Article 18(h)(2) of the Implementing Regulation requires a Member State to designate a national authority that is responsible for “(h) developing a risk-based oversight system for: ii. model clubs and associations that hold an authorisation referred to in Article 16;“.
How this is implemented in practice is for the Member State authorities to decide. A member State may decide to simply keep track of serious incidents with model aircraft, without additional reporting structures. Some Member States may set up a reporting system for serious accidents, in particular involving fatalities, serious injuries or involving manned aircraft. Some Member States may include a procedure to evaluate the operating conditions should multiple incidents occur. Some are looking to implement a relatively elaborate system, including for instance requiring safety managers on club airfields.